The convergence of chance and Providence was common in
the literature of the eighteenth and first decades of the nineteenth centuries, however, Pushkin poses this problem in a historiosophical context. Pushkin’s aphorism «Chance, the mighty, instant instrument of Providence» had a number of parallels in French literature, including the works of conservative publicists of the 1800–1820 s. The opinion that Pushkin is polemicizing here with French historians of the Restoration era is not sufficiently substantiated. The expression «formula of history», which plays an important role in Pushkin’s notes, belongs to french traditionalist P.S. Ballanche, but the concept of «providential hasard», introduced by Ballanche, to Pushkin, apparently, was not known. The article also considers the most famous aphorisms from the close semantic series: «Chance is a nickname for Providence» (N. Chamfort),
«Chance is the pseudonym of God» (T. Gautier) etc.
historiosophy; aphorisms; A.S. Pushkin; Boethius; Giovanni Paolo Marana; N. Chamfort; T. Gautier; T. de Quincey; J. de Maistre; P.-S. Ballanche.