Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
LITERATUROVEDCHESKII
ZHURNAL
The Journal of Literary History and Theory
Peer-reviewed Academic Journal

ELAGINOMACHIA. III. “THE FOP” REVERSED AND THE OTHER SATIRES BY IVAN BARKOV OF 1750s. TOWARDS A REVISION OF THE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LITERARY WARS

Osokin M. Yu.

Mikhail Yu. Osokin, PhD in Philology, Independent Researcher, Thailand. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3054-280X

Abstract

The name Ivan Barkov is mentioned in Feopempt Molostvov’s manuscript book in connection with the controversies surrounding Ivan Elagin’s Satire on a Fop and Coquettes and his epistle To A. P. Sumarokov. In defense of his teacher M. Lomonosov, Barkov wrote the burlesque Prevrashennyi “Petimetr” (“The Fop” Reversed), in which he portrayed Elagin as a “fool” and “creator of stupid satire” attacking the “Parnassian writer”, who is “a hundred times smarter [than him]”. Jacob von Stäehlin’s mention that Barkov became famous in 1753 for his satires on “the stupidities of the newest poets” alludes, I suspect, specifically to this text. In the epigram Kuda s kopytom kon’, tuda i rak s kleshnei (Where a horse with its hoof, there a crayfish with its claw...), the author of “The Fop” Reversed is reproached for “besputstvo” (“dissoluteness”). Barkov, who was expelled from the Academy, faced repeated corporal punishment for drunkenness. In 1752, Barkov defended his teacher with Satira na “Samokhvala” (Satire on “The Braggart”), responding to Trediakovsky’s The Braggart. In 1755, he asserted his linguistic concept in the Satire on Those Who Use French Words..., and in 1757, he took sides with Lomonosov in the dispute over the Hymn to the Beard. Clarifying Barkov’s role in the controversies enables a more precise description of the Lomonosov coalition and the configuration of the tripolar (or tending towards tripolarity) balance of power that emerged in the literature of the 1750s.

Keywords

Ivan Barkov; Lomonosov; V.K. Trediakovsky; satire; literary controversy.

Recieved

15.01.2024

Accepted

10.02.2024

For citation

Osokin, M. Yu. “Elaginomachia. III. ‘The Fop’ Reversed and the Other Satires by Ivan Barkov of 1750s. Towards a Revision of the Eighteenth-Century Literary Wars”. Literaturovedcheskii zhurnal, no. 2(64), 2024, pp. 94–112. (In Russ.)

DOI: 10.31249/litzhur/2024.64.05

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