Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
LITERATUROVEDCHESKII
ZHURNAL
The Journal of Literary History and Theory
Peer-reviewed Academic Journal

MODEL OF RUSSIAN CULTURE IN S.P. SHEVYREV’S WORKS OF EARLY 1840 s

Tsvetkova N.V.

Information about the author: Nina V. Tsvetkova, PhD in Philology, Associate Professor, Pskov State University, Lenin Square, 2, 180000, Pskov, Russia.

Abstract

The article deals with the civilizational approach of S.P. Shevyrev to the history and culture of Russia. In his works the philosopher and critic analyzes Russian history, literature and education in comparison with Western European ones, and comes to the conclusion about their distinctive character. The scholar considers the main task of his time to create a model of national culture, whose scope includes not only creativity, but also “spiritual production”: state and family upbringing and education. In this he supports the theory of “official nationality” by S.S. Uvarov. He assigns Pushkin and Gogol an important role in the education of the Russian man, not accepting the St Petersburg “industrial literature” by Belinsky, Bulgarin, Grech and opposing them his educational projects in the magazine “Moskvityanin”. The conclusion is that Shevyrev’s model of culture corresponds to N.Y. Danilevsky’s theory of cultural and historical types.

Keywords

S.P. Shevyrev; history and culture of Russia; Western history and culture; theory of cultural and historical types; N.Y. Danilevsky.

For citation

Tsvetkova, N.V. “Model of Russian Culture in S.P. Shevyrev’s Works of Early 1840 s”. Literaturovedcheskii zhurnal, no. 1(55), 2022, pp. 32–54. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31249/litzhur/2022.55.02

DOI: 10.31249/litzhur/2022.55.02

References

1. Vershinina, N.L. Russkaya belletristika 1830–1840-kh godov. (Problemy zhanra i stilya) [Russian Fiction of the 1830 s-1840 s. (Problems of Genre and Style)]. Pskov, Pskovskii pedagogicheskii institut im. S.M. Kirova Publ., 1977, 180 p. (In Russ.)
2. Vindel'band, V. Istoriya novoi filosofii v ee svyazi s obshchei kul'turoi i otdel'nymi naukami [The History of New Philosophy in its Connection with General Culture and Individual Sciences]: Vol. 1: Ot Vozrozhdeniya do Prosveshcheniya [From Renaissance to Enlightenment]. 640 p. Vol. 2: Ot Kanta do Nitsshe [From Kant to Nietzsche]. Translation from German, ed. by A. Vvedenskogo, Moscow, Giperboreya Publ., Kuchkovo pole Publ., 2007, 512 p. (In Russ.)
3. Vinogradov, I.A. “Slavyanofil-gosudarstvennik. N.V. Gogol' v dvizheniyakh epokhi”
[“Slavophile Statesman. N.V. Gogol in the Movements of the Epoch”]. Dva veka russkoi klassiki. Moscow, IMLI RAN Publ., vol. 1, no. 2, 2019, pp. 36–61. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.22455/2686–7494–2019–1-2–36–61
4. Gavrilov, I.B. “K kharakteristike filosofii vospitaniya S.P. Shevyreva” [“On the Characteristics of S.P. Shevyrev's Philosophy of Education”]. Khristianskoe chtenie, no. 4, 2017, pp. 307–326. (In Russ.)
5. Erasov, B.S. Sotsial'naya kul'turologiya. Uchebnik dlya studentov vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii [Social Cultural Studies. Textbook for Higher Educational Institutions Students]. 2nd ed., revised. Moscow, Aspekt Press Publ., 1996, 590 p.
(In Russ.)
6. Zvereva, N.A. Obshchestvenno-politicheskie vzglyady S.S. Uvarova [Socio-Political Views of S.S. Uvarov]. PhD in History Diss. Abstract, Volgograd, 2005, 34 p. (In Russ.)
7. Zen'kovskii, V.V. Istoriya russkoi filosofii [History of Russian Philosophy].
Available at: https://azbyka.ru/otechnik/Vasilij_Zenkovskij/istorija-russkoj-filosofii/
(accessed: 08.09.2021). (In Russ.)
8. Zimin, A.I. “V poiskakh mudrosti i very” [“In Search of Wisdom and Faith”]. Ieromonakh Vasilii (Sayapin), Sharipov A.M. Ivan Vasil'evich Kireevskii: Vozvrashchenie
k istokam [Hieromonk Vasily (Sayapin), Sharipov A.M. Ivan Vasilyevich Kireevsky:
Return to the Origins], ed. by prof. A.I Zimina. Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Glavarkhiva
Moskvy Publ., 2006, 408 p. (In Russ.)
9. Kapustin, B.G. “Sovremennost'” [“Modernity”]. Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya
[New Philosophical Encyclopedia]. Available at: https://iphlib.ru/greenstone3/library/
collection/newphilenc/page/about (accessed: 05.09.2021). (In Russ.)
10. Linitskii, P. Slavyanofily i liberalism [The Slavophiles and Liberalism]. Kiev, Tip.
G.T. Korchak-Novitskogo Publ., 1882, 256 p. (In Russ.)
11. Lotman, Yu.M. “Ocherki po istorii russkoi kul'tury XVIII veka” [“Essays on the
History of Russian Culture of the XVIII Century”]. Lotman, Yu.M., Zhivov, V.M.,
Averintsev, S.S., Panchenko, A.M. Iz istorii russkoi kul'tury. T. 4 (XVIII – nachalo
XIX veka) [From the History of Russian Culture. Vol. 4 (XVIII – Early XIX Century)]. Moscow, Yazyki russkoi kul'tury Publ., 1996, 831 p. (In Russ.)
12. Pushkin, A.S. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii [Complete Collection of Works]: in 10 vols.
Vol. VII. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1978, 544 p. (In Russ.)
13. Rabotyazhev, N.V. “Konservativnaya geopoliticheskaya mysl' v Rossii: preemstvennost' i obnovlenie” [“Conservative Geopolitical Thought in Russia: Continuity
and Renewal”]. Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 12. Politicheskie nauki, no. 5, 2009,
pp. 74–94. (In Russ.)
14. Ratnikov, K.V. Kholopy ili sobesedniki? Professorskie voyazhi v Porech'e
(ideologicheskaya strategiya grafa S.S. Uvarova i ego edinomyshlennikov) [Slaves
or Collocutors? Professorial Voyages to Porechye (the Ideological Strategy of
Count S.S. Uvarov and His Associates)]. Chelyabinsk, Okolitsa Publ., 2006, 236 p.
(In Russ.)
15. Rozanov, V.V. “Pozdnie fazy slavyanofil'stva. N.Ya. Danilevskii” [“Late Phases
of Slavophilism. N.Y. Danilevsky”]. Rozanov, V.V. Legenda o Velikom inkvizitore
F.M. Dostoevskogo [Legend of the Grand Inquisitor by F.M. Dostoevsky]. Moscow,
Respublika Publ., 1996, pp. 246–252. (In Russ.)
16. Smel'nitskii, I. “S.P. Shevyrev i ego vzglyady na zadachi obshchestvennogo
vospitaniya” [“S.P. Shevyrev and His Views on the Tasks of Public Education”].
Nauki zhrets i pravdy voin! [The Priest of Science and the Warrior of Truth!], S.P. Shevyrev [ed., preface and comm. E.Yu. Fil'kina]. Moscow, Russkii Mir Publ., 2009, pp. 341–348. (In Russ.)
17. Time, G.A. “‘Svyatoi otets Yakov Bemen’ (retseptsiya naslediya nemetskogo
mistika v Rossii)” [“‘Holy Father Yakov Behmen’ (the Reception of the Heritage of
the German Mystic in Russia)”]. Russkaya literatura, no. 4, 2011, pp. 9–10. (In Russ.)
18. Trubetskoi, N.S. “Obshcheslavyanskii element v russkoi kul'ture” [“The common
Slavic Element in Russian Culture”]. Trubetskoi, N.S. Istoriya. Kul'tura. Yazyk.
[History. Culture. Language]. Moscow, 1995, pp. 12–195. (In Russ.)
19. Florovskii, G. “Puti russkogo bogosloviya. VI Filosofskoe probuzhdenie” [“The
ways of Russian Theology. VI Philosophical Awakening”]. Available at: http://www.
vehi.net/florovsky/puti/06.html (accessed: 08.10.2021). (In Russ.)
20. Frank, S.L. Svet vo t'me [Light in the Dark]. Moscow, Faktorial Publ., 1998. 255 p.
(In Russ.)
21. Khalizev, V.E., Kholikov A.A., Nikandrova O.V. Russkoe akademicheskoe literaturovedenie: Istoriya i metodologiya (1900–1960-e gody) [Russian Academic Literary
Studies: History and Methodology (1900–1960-s)]: Uchebnoe posobie. 2nd ed.
Moscow; St Petersburg, Nestor-Istoriya Publ., 2017, 176 p. (In Russ.)
22. Tsvetkova, N.V. “‘Vsechelovecheskoe’ i ‘vsechelovek’: ot S.P. Shevyreva k
F.M. Dostoevskomu” [“‘The All-Humanly’ and ‘the All-Human’: from S.P. Shevyrev
to F.M. Dostoevsky”]. Dostoevskii i mirovaya kul'tura. Filologicheskii zhurnal,
no. 2, 2018, pp. 127–150. (In Russ.)
23. Shevchenko, M. “‘Kazhdyi dolzhen sluzhit' prestolu!’ S.S. Uvarov”. [“‘Everyone
Should Serve the Throne!’ S.S. Uvarov”]. Available at: https://zapadrus.su/rusmir/
istf/714-l-r-i.html (accessed: 11.10.2021). (In Russ.)
24. Shevyrev, S.P. Polnoe sobranie literaturno-kriticheskikh trudov [Complete Collection of Literary and Critical Works]: in 7 vols. St Petersburg, Rostok Publ., vol. 3,
b. 1, in print. (In Russ.)
25. Shevyrev, S.P. Polnoe sobranie literaturno-kriticheskikh trudov [Complete Collection of Literary and Critical Works]: in 7 vols. St Petersburg, Rostok Publ., vol. 3,
b. 2, in print. (In Russ.)
26. Shirinyants, A.A. “Stepan Petrovich Shevyrev” [“Stepan Petrovich Shevyrev”].
Shevyrev, S.P. Izbrannye Trudy [Selected Works], S.P. Shevyrev [K.V. Ryasentsev,
A.A. Shirinyants; avtor vst. st. A.A. Shirinyants]. Moscow, Rossiiskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN) Publ., 2010, pp. 5–67. (In Russ.)

Download text